TRAIN CONTROL, STRESS AND VIGILANCE
Modern railway operation, due to the control exerted on the man-machine-pathway combination is the safest form of transportation available. The vehicle pathway is continuously monitored and both front and rear end protection is provided to prevent collisions. Man although extremely versatile is known to be the weak link in the man machine system. Consequently, his duties need to be arranged to match his capabilities. An examination is made of human factor research, levels of arousal, driving efficiency and driver stress, fatigue, diurnal bodily rhythm and vigilance. Accident rates have been progressively reduced by various safeguards instituted to guard against human failure. Measurements of driver stress under various conditions of high speed train operation have been carried out and changes in stress in accordance with train speed, hours of duty, periods of rest, and day and night operation determined. There are a series of railway signalling and vigilance control devices which successively reduce the effect of the human element. These have further developed into semi-automatic and automatic train operation.
- Paper presented at the 10th Annual Conference.
Ergonomics Society of Australia and New ZealandCanberra, ACT, Australia
- Cox, J J
- Publication Date: 1973-11
- Pagination: 22 p.
- TRT Terms: Automatic train operation; Fail safe systems; Human factors; Prevention; Safety; Signaling
- Subject Areas: Railroads; Safety and Human Factors; Security and Emergencies;
- Accession Number: 00097251
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: British Railways
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jul 29 1976 12:00AM