This study deals with 1906 traffic accidents in Sweden during 1968 and 1969 in which children through the age of 10 were involved. The intention has been to illustrate the traffic behavior patterns of children in the age groups concerned. Source material came from forms submitted to the Swedish Central Bureau of Statistics by the police authorities. The forms include specified data, a sketch and brief account of the course of events. The data includes pertinent information on the injured driver and existing conditions. The majority of children, 1204, were injured as pedestrians, on a bicycle 625, on a winter vehicle 47, in prams 20, tricycles 9. Pedestrian accidents dominate from walking through age 9, bicycle 7-10 years. Twice as many boys as girls were involved in traffic accidents. Fatalities usually occurred when on a winter vehicle, with smallest number of accidents during January. Both children and drivers claim the other "dashed-out" and that neither was visible. Oldest pre-school age were injured at pedestrian crossings, mostly female, within a close radius of home. Drivers fault by assuming children will stop, especially in a pedestrian right of way. Children swerving out in front of a vehicle usually comes from their undeveloped coordination and spatial judgment. Younger, inexperienced male drivers are involved in more traffic accidents. Swedish studies are usually in agreement with international findings. The risk of being killed in traffic is higher among 0-10 year olds than any age group before retirement age. Majority of children's traffic injuries are to the head and face and constitute approximately 1/4 of all children's hospital admittance cases. Children prefer to cross the road on straight stretches. Drivers should receive instructions on what small children on bicycles can be expected to manage. /SRIS/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Research Institute of Child Psychology

    Stockholm,   Sweden 

    Skandia Insurance Company, Limited

    Forlagstjahst, S10360
    Stockholm 3,   Sweden 
  • Authors:
    • Mattson, K
    • Sandels, S
  • Publication Date: 1971-9

Media Info

  • Features: Figures;
  • Pagination: 20 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00097166
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 10 1975 12:00AM