DRUNKEN DRIVING

SCREENING AV ALKOHOLBELASTNINGEN BLANT BILFORERE I NORMAL TRAFIKK

Information on the influence of alcohol on Norwegian road traffic is reviewed, along with the trend in the five year period 1966-1970, and the author finds that although available information may provide certain pointers, it must be considered inconclusive when applied to evaluation of the overall frequency of drunken driving and also of the trend. The incidence of driving under the influence of alcohol was investigated by the author in a roadside alcohol survey conducted in Oslo in 1970 and 1971. A supplementary motive for undertaking this research project was the need for a non-accident control group for comparison with a road traffic accident series from Oslo and Akershus already analyzed, coupled with curiosity about the prohibitive effect of the Norwegian traffic alcohol legislation, which has remained unchanged since its introduction in 1936. The experimental design and research methodology of the roadside alcohol survey in Oslo are outlined and the results are presented and discussed. Totally, 1,927 motor vehicle drivers were screened from 10 p.m. - 2 a.m., and 2.8% of them were found to be under the influence of alcohol, while 2.0% had a blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) exceeding the statutory limit of 0.05%, i.e. 50 mg/100 ml. The incidence of drunken driving in Norwegian non-accident traffic was found to be exceptionally low. In addition, blood-alcohol levels among drunken drivers in Oslo were moderate, more than two-thirds of these motorists having a BAC of less than 101 mg/100 ml. Social drinking thus appears to be far more common than heavy drinking. Norwegian traffic-alcohol legislation may be considered very strict in comparison with legal approaches in other countries designed to combat drunken driving. Court practice in Norway is also comparatively rigorous, unconditional penalties being imposed almost without exception on drivers convicted of drunken driving. The fact remains, however, that the present investigations seems to confirm that these countermeasures have been highly effective, and in the author's opinion the unyielding legal approach has been the decisive factor in reducing to a minimum the frequency of drunken driving in Norway. /Author/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Norwegian Institute of Transport Economics

    Stasjonsveien 4
    Oslo 3,   Norway 
  • Publication Date: 1972-8-15

Language

  • Norwegian

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 46 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00096374
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 30 1975 12:00AM