POTENTIAL FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION IN THE UNITED STATES: 1974-1978, TRANSPORTATION
This report is the result of a study conducted by six task groups under the Coordinating Subcommittee of the Committee on Energy Conservation which was established by the National Petroleum Council. Four of the task groups represent end- use sectors: Industrial, Residential/Commercial, Transportation, and Electric Utility. The other two are a Patterns of Consumer/Energy Demand Task Group and a Consumer Task Group. The end-use sector task groups made analyses of potential energy conservation measures or procedures in the immediate short term period through 1978. The findings the Transportation Task Group are presented in chapter four of this report. In summation, this group determined that areas offering major conservation opportunities, in relative order of importance, are: (1) more small cars; (2) increased car-pooling; (3) modified exhaust emissions and gasoline regulations; (4) improved auto design;(5) reduced speed limits; and (6) improved vehicle maintenance. As far as air transportation is concerned, reduced flights to increase the load factor offers the best potential savings, followed by improvement of operating inefficencies. Other observations made by the Transportation Task Group are that: (1) Total railway, waterway, mass transit, pipeline and other miscellaneous transportation uses account for less than 20 percent of the energy consumed by the transportation sector, thus offering a more limited potential for energy conservation over the short term; (2) mass transit systems will not contribute significantly to conservation in the near-term period, and evaluation of such systems should commence immediately in order to have longer-term effects; and (3) Individual choice in transportation should be maintained, but a compromise must be effected wherein the individual motor fuel-burning unit becomes more efficient and at the same time the individual exercises more judicious choice in the utilization of the unit.
National Petroleum Council1625 K Street, NW
Washington, DC United States 20006
- Heydinger, E R
- Publication Date: 1974-9-10
- Features: Appendices; Figures; Tables;
- Pagination: 129 p.
- TRT Terms: Air quality management; Air transportation; Automobiles; Carpools; Compact automobiles; Conservation; Design; Economic efficiency; Energy; Fuel consumption; Maintenance; Methodology; Regulations; Speed limits; Transportation
- Uncontrolled Terms: Efficiency
- Old TRIS Terms: Small car
- Subject Areas: Design; Energy; Environment; Law; Maintenance and Preservation; Safety and Human Factors; Transportation (General);
- Accession Number: 00096048
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jul 2 1981 12:00AM