SEAT BELTS: CHANGING USAGE BY CHANGING BELIEFS

Seat belt information was designed on the basis of a model of seat belt use, where a linear combination of beliefs about discomfort (D) when wearing a belt, and beliefs about injury reducing effects (E) of belts were regarded as determinants of 'disposition of belt use'. Workers and employees of a large steel company having been observed as consistent non-users during four weeks took part in the alleged information testing. The belt information groups (N = 85) had more favorable posttest beliefs than the control groups. The belief effect was parallelled by behavior effects. The strongest effects were obtained for the unpretested belt information group where almost 45% of the Ss were observed as users, i.e. had a belt on at least once during the fourteen week post-treatment period. The usage effects decreased over time, but seemed to increase again after the belief follow-up. The users had the highest D+E pretest scores as well as posttest scores, but there seemed to be no interaction between initial values and information. The belief effects were on the same level at the follow-up three months after the treatment. The results were taken as tentative support of the proposed model. The nature of the relations between usage and each of the two factors were discussed as well as a multiplicative weighting of D and E. /Author/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Address inquiry about this document to the Swedish Road Safety Office, Driver License and Research Departments, Fack, A-17120 Solna, Sweden.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Swedish National Road Safety Board

    Solna,   Sweden 
  • Authors:
    • Fhaner, G
    • Hane, M
  • Publication Date: 1973-9-17

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 65 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00096006
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-015 623
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jul 15 1983 12:00AM