This book presents the fundamental problems of contemporary technical psychology from the point of view of the scientific organization of labor in railroad transport. At the beginning of the twentieth century psychology began to be applied to various fields of technical science, among them the railroad. Railroad psychology is a distinctive field whose object is the study and rationalization of dynamic informational models occuring in the brain of representatives of the fundamental professions in railroad transport and ensuring the fulfillment of labor activities. The development of production capabilities, the inculcation of automatic and remote control means had led to a situation where scientific organization of labor necessitates utilization of regularities research and discovered by psychological science: this has increased due to the higher relative weight of psychological and mental activity in the human being. In this regard the railroad transport professions - locomotive driver, station master, dispatcher-- present the highest requirements for psychological characteristics. The reaction speed, the capability of maintaining alertness to extroadinary events over an extended period of time, and the ability to quickly and accurately determine various unexpectedly arising complex tasks. The main goal of this publication is to reveal the very process of psychological research but the detailed exposition of the methods of experimental psychological research allow the book to be utilized in the capacity of a textbook for the organization of labor according to psychological rationalization of the labor activity of the human being. It covers the principles of planning and evaluation of the organs of management, the means of display. the construction of complex controller stands, professional selection, and controls for alertness. A special section deals with contemporary problems in the automation of psychological activity during the realization of control processes, as well as new methods of cybernetic modeling based on psychological research. The book is intended for a wide range of workers and specialists including cybernetic engineers, engineers, psychologicts, physiologists, and doctors of hygiene. The chapters include the subject and methods of railroad transportation, psychology of the engineer and the work of the locomotive driver, thought processes of train dispatchers, the formation of model systems of the brain, the functional stability of such systems professional psychological selection; finally problems of cybernetics in transport.
- Abstract only is available in English, original untranslated as of November 1976. The corporate author of this book is unknown.
Transport Publishing HouseBasmannyi Tupik 6A
Moscow B-174, USSR
- Pushkin, V N
- Nersesian, L S
- Publication Date: 1972
- Features: Figures; Tables;
- Pagination: 240 p.
- TRT Terms: Alertness; Control; Control devices; Disasters and emergency operations; Dispatchers; Human factors; Locomotive engineers; Locomotive operation; Locomotives; Management; Personnel management; Psychological aspects; Safety; Textbooks; Working conditions
- Uncontrolled Terms: Emergency procedures
- Old TRIS Terms: Locomotive controls; Locomotive engineer's tasks; Management methods
- Subject Areas: Administration and Management; Railroads; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00130218
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Federal Railroad Administration
- Files: TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Nov 23 1977 12:00AM