In the present paper three problems in the simplified theory of rolling contact are investigated. As to the first problem, three benchmark loadings, derived by kalker in 1973 for hertzian rolling contact, are in existence. Each of these loadings gives rise to a value of the flexibility parameter of the simplified theory. These values are combined to a single, creepage dependent value of the flexibility, which appears to have an error of at most 10 to 15%. Secondly, the law of Coulomb is generalised by introducing two values of the coefficient of friction. The fastsim algorithm is adapted to that, and it is found that the traction, and hence the displacement, show a discontinuity inside the contact area. The discontinuity in the displacement is removed by introducing damping in the constitutive relations of the simplified theory. The damping constant is determined experimentally. When the damping coefficient decreases, the damped solution tends to the solution obtained directly without damping. This establishes the correctness of the latter, but it does not compare well with the complete theory as implemented by the program contact. Thirdly and finally, it is shown that inertial effects may be neglected at speeds of around 100 km/h and also for much higher rolling velocities.(a)


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  • Accession Number: 00498631
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Sep 30 1990 12:00AM