The author reviews bus systems from around the world and places them in four divisions: (a) ordered public transport; (b) semi-ordered public transport; (c) fragmented public transport; and (d) British public transport. Each division is examined in detail beginning with examples from Hamburg and Atlanta. Here the provision of public transport is seen as part of the infrastructure of society from which retailers, employers, entertainment centres and citizens will all benefit. The advantages and disadvantages of having a single authority are explored. In the 'second bus world', common in many countries, several undertakings cover a region and are not co-ordinated. In the 'third bus world' it is every man for himself regulated to a degree. Various examples show that competition is not overt and that service is good. It is suggested that Britain was heading for the 1st world with its Public Transport Authorities (PTAs) and Public Transport Executives (PTEs) but following deregulation, instability, decreases in patronage, increases in fares and insolvencies have resulted. Apart from Britain, the trend is towards more order. The costs of providing public transport in Sri Lanka is examined in more detail. Other trends are described in destination indicators, ticket machines, bus stop spacing and bus lane contraflows.


  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00498473
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 30 1990 12:00AM