The general principles of pre-split blasting and smooth blasting are described, and practical procedures that have been developed for work in common rocks are reviewed systematically. The topics covered include shothole spacing, charge weight per unit length of shothole, decoupling ratio, adjustments for explosive type and rock type, and weight of explosive per unit face area. Relevant properties of frozen rocks, frozen soils, and ice are compared with those of common unfrozen rocks, and appripriate adjustment of blast design is discussed. Interim relationships for the design of controlled perimeter blasting in frozen soils and massive ice are put forward, recognizing that additional experimentation is required. Special problems in controlled blasting of ice are discussed. These include effects of wet holes, delayed removal of burden, and submerged burden. Special attention is given to the cutting of ice islands and icebergs. An appendix describes an operation in which the face of the ice wharf at McMurdo Sound was trimmed by pre-split blasting.

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References;
  • Pagination: 28 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00129350
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: No. 267 Tech. Rpt.
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 21 1976 12:00AM