INJURY MECHANISMS IN MOTORCYCLE ACCIDENTS. PROCEEDINGS OF THE 1987 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE BIOMECHANICS OF IMPACTS, HELD IN BIRMINGHAM (UNITED KINGDOM) SEPTEMBER 8-10, 1987

The medical and scientific literature is replete with numerous case studies dealing with individual motorcycle accidents and the resulting injuries. The most noteworthy and extensive report to date has been the hurt study that reported on over 900 individual motorcycle accidents. However, virtually none of the previous studies have looked carefully at the mechanism of the injuries resulting from motorcycle accidents. The present study has carefully analyzed over 125 motorcycle accidents in which there was an injury with an abbreviated injury scale (AIS) of greater than 2. Of these 125 accidents, 58 were selected and a static reconstruction was performed, using exemplar vehicles and individuals to determine the exact vehicle and occupant kinematics that occurred during the accident sequence. It was determined from the static reconstructions that, while the predominant injury from the accidents is to the lower extremity, the injury is not by definition a crushing injury, but rather an impact injury. The leg is impacted by the opposing vehicle and then pushed out of the way. The true crushing injury is very seldom seen in motorcycle accidents. The soft tissue injury that occurs and necessitates amputation in some cases, is the result of subsequent impacts of the body with the roadway. (Author/TRRL)

  • Corporate Authors:

    IRCOBI (International Research Council on the Biokinetics of Impacts)

    109 Avenue Salvador Allende
    Bron CEDEX,   France  F-69675
  • Authors:
    • Fuller, P M
    • SNIDER, J N
  • Publication Date: 1987

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00492475
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Institute for Road Safety Research, SWOV
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 31 1990 12:00AM