COMPARISON OF FEMALE AND MALE DRUGGED DRIVERS IN NORWAY. WOMEN, ALCOHOL, DRUGS AND TRAFFIC - PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP, STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN, 29-30 SEPTEMBER, 1988

All arrested female drivers suspected for driving under influence of alcohol or drugs in 1984 (n=630) and in 1987 (n=910), were compared with equal numbers of arrested men selected at random during these two years. Drugs were analysed in cases not influenced by alcohol (blood alcohol concentration (BAC), less than 0.05% w/w). Drugs were found in blood samples from 29 females and 24 males in 1984, and 48 females and 28 males in 1987. The drugs most commonly found were benzodiazepines, tetrahydrocannabinol (thc) and amphetamine. For both years, benzodiazepines were more often found in samples from female drugged drivers compared to male drugged drivers. Cannabis was found more often in males than in female drivers. The frequencies of amphetamine positive samples were similar for the two groups. In a screening study for benzodiazepines, cannabinoids and amphetamine in 270 randomly selected blood samples from suspected drunken or drugged drivers, 17 (6.2%) of the selected samples were from women. Benzodiazepines were detected in 41%, cannabinoids in 18% and amphetamine in 6% of the samples from female drivers. The frequencies of positive benzodiazepines, cannabinoids and amphetamine from male drivers were 22%, 29% and 4% respectively. (Author/TRRL)

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    Dalctraf

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  • Authors:
    • Christophersen, A S
    • GJERDE, H
  • Publication Date: 1989

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00491653
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 91-86856-04-9
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 31 1990 12:00AM