New laboratory results are presented on how densification influences the hydraulic anisotropy of a sand. Results are given for two compaction modes. Tests were performed at different densities in order to derive the curves k sub v (e) and k sub h (e). The samples were statically compacted in the first series and dynamically compacted in the second series. The ratio r sub k equals k sub h / k sub v is different for the two series. It is higher than 1 for static compaction and lower than 1 for dynamic compaction. Thus, the anisotropy ratio of granular soils can take several values for the same void ratio, depending on the preparation mode. Even if the anisotropy ratios differ, the first invariant of the hydraulic conductivity tensor, I sub 1k, is found to be a function of e only for this sand, regardless of the densification mode. The evolution of an adimensional anisotropy index, I sub 1k / k sub v, versus a density index, I sub e, is compared for the sand and a dispersed clay. The evolutions are nearly identical, which means that the hydraulic anisotropy of natural homogeneous soils may be similar for sediments having settled in still water and influenced subsequently by gravity only. From an engineering viewpoint, a reasonably good fit is obtained between experimental results and predictive charts. The results also demonstrate that the high apparent anisotropy often found either in natural or in compacted soils is not induced mainly by deposition or compaction but rather is due to nonuniformity or segregation in the soil mass.

  • Corporate Authors:

    National Research Council of Canada

    Research Journals
    Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6,   Canada 
  • Authors:
    • Chapuis, R P
    • GILL, D E
    • Baass, K
  • Publication Date: 1989-11

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 614-622
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00491977
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 31 1990 12:00AM