The fatality rate curves in the Federal Republic of Germany, the USA, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands are compared. All of them show an annual decrease in the number of fatal accidents. From the different shapes of the curves it can be concluded that the decrease is a general, but not an identical community learning process in industrialized countries. Apart from this general finding, it seems as if actions and circumstances in each country can be responsible for the curve differences. The estimated effects of countermeasures on the fatality curves in the Federal Republic of Germany and in the Netherlands, are used as illustrations of the hypothesis that a community will invent new safety measures if the fatality rate does not decrease in the same way as in the period before. They also illustrate how difficult it is to demonstrate the effect of a single safety measure in a period of a limited time. Emphasis is given to research in the field of police enforcement with respect to safety belt wearing, speed limits and driving under the influence of alcohol in the Netherlands.

Media Info

  • Pagination: 23 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00493967
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: R-87-35, HS-041 020
  • Files: HSL, TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 30 1991 12:00AM