DIRECT UTILIZATION OF CRUDE OILS AS FUELS IN U.S. ARMY DIESEL ENGINES

Crude oils with a wide range of properties were investigated for direct use as fuel in U.S. Army high-speed diesel engines. The distribution and availability of crude oil properties throughout the world were investigated, and these properties were divided into two groups (1) Those properties which would be of importance for short-term operational effects, and (2) Those properties whose effects would manifest during longer term operation. Effects of crude oil use on engine subsystem hardware such as fuel filters and fuel injection pumps were investigated, with particular attention being paid to the TCCS injection system. Performance and combustion data were determined using pre-cup and direct injection configurations of the single cylinder CLR diesel engine operating on various crude oils. Performance data, wear, and deposition effects of crude oil use were obtained using the TACOM single-cylinder diesel engine. Results of this investigation showed that a wide range of crude oils with proper selection and pretreatment are feasible emergency energy sources for U.S. Army four-cycle high-speed diesel engines.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Southwest Research Institute

    Department of Mechanical Sciences
    San Antonio, TX  USA  78284

    Army Mobility Equipment R&D Center

    Fort Belvoir, VA  USA 
  • Authors:
    • OWENS, E C
    • Frame, E A
  • Publication Date: 1975-6

Media Info

  • Pagination: 89 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00093852
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: AFLRL-66
  • Contract Numbers: DAAK02-73-C-0221
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 4 1976 12:00AM