RECLASSIFICATION AND RECONSTRUCTION OF URBAN ROADS IN THE NETHERLANDS: EFFECTS ON SAFETY, THE ENVIRONMENT AND COMMERCE

The Minister of Transport and Public Works announced in the 1975 Road Safety Policy Plan that an experiment was to take place involving the reclassification and reconstruction of urban areas, the aim being to restrict as far as possible the strain placed on the residential environment by motorised traffic. Thus through-traffic was to be kept out of the residential zones and restricted to a limited number of traffic arteries together forming a traffic zone. The locations selected for the experiment were two self-contained urban areas of approximately 100 hectares in Eindhoven and Rijswijk. The roads and streets in these areas were reclassified and reconstructed in accordance with their function. Traffic measures taken ranged from fairly simple in the case of option 1 (one-way traffic and a single ramp) through slightly more complicated in the case of option 2 (one-way traffic in combination with various speed-restricting devices) to far-reaching in the case of option 3 (woonerf or similar scheme). The measures were designed to place slow traffic on an almost equal footing with fast traffic. No explicit objectives were formulated for the access roads, but they were reconstructed in a similar way to residential streets under option 2. Streets under the same option were grouped into "option zones". Various studies were carried out and/or coordinated to measure the effects on road safety. The topics dealt with in the chapters of this publication are: what measures were taken in Eindhoven and Rijswijk, and what the effects are on road safety; and accident rates, behavior of road users and safety levels as perceived by residents. A brief account is then given of the effects of the measures on the environment and commerce.

Media Info

  • Features: Photos; Tables;
  • Pagination: 36 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00491818
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-040 051
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Mar 31 1990 12:00AM