This paper gives results and conclusions from part of a study done for the Federal Highway Administration on the safety and operational effects of large truck operations. Computer simulation and manual observations at six intersections in California and New Jersey were used to investigate turns by large trucks at urban intersections. The encroachment of a truck into adjacent lanes during a turn was studied using the computer simulation. The field data examined on a particular truck turn included the encroachment, the time to complete the turn, and the conflicts with other vehicles in the traffic stream caused by the truck. Field observations were made of turning trucks in the traffic stream and also of a control truck of known size driven repeatedly through a study intersection by a professional driver who knew the purpose of the experiment. The results showed that small curb radii, narrow lane widths, and narrow total street widths were among the geometric features associated with increased operational problems. The results also showed that large trucks will have little impact (compared with smaller trucks) at most urban intersections of the types tested, but some adverse operational effects should be expected at some intersections. Trailer length was found to be a more critical element to smooth operations than trailer width for the trucks tested. Many site, driver, and equipment factors should be considered before the decision is made to regulate truck traffic in a certain manner.

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 64-74
  • Monograph Title: Geometric design and operational effects
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00489690
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309047609
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 30 1989 12:00AM