The Atlantic Intercoastal Waterway (AIW) is an inland route running 2,000 miles from Boston to Florida. However, the AIW is not clearly defined north of Norfolk, Virginia. Along its entire route, the AIW coincides with or provides access to deeper major water ports such as Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. Ocean-going commerce of all kinds is therefore credited to these ports and not the AIW. The same is true for ports south of Norfolk. The AIW south of Norfolk from both commercial and recreation standpoints takes advantage of rivers, creeks, sounds, bays, and estuaries bound together where necessary by man-made cuts to provide depths up to 12 feet. The AIW from project Norfolk to the St. Johns River supports commerce of nearly 4 million tons. The entire waterway is also important from a recreational standpoint. Within the jurisdiction of Norfolk District are two alternate, essentially parallel routes of the AIW: the Dismal Swamp Canal and the Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal. A unique feature about both canals is that they have the only locks on the AIW main stem. Further descriptions of the Dismal Swamp Canal and the A&C Canal are included in this paper.

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    • This paper appears in Transportation Research Circular No. 332, Ports, Waterways, Intermodal Terminals, and International Trade Transportation Issues: Proceedings of the 12th Annual Summer Conference, July 7-10, 1987, Norfolk, Virginia. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
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    Transportation Research Board

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  • Authors:
    • Kuhlmann, K B
  • Publication Date: 1988-4

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  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Pagination: p. 33-34
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  • Accession Number: 00486096
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Aug 31 1989 12:00AM