ETHANOL, OTHER CHEMICALS AND THEIR POTENTIAL COMBINATION WHICH MAY INFLUENCE AUTOMOBILE DRIVING PERFORMANCE: ALCOHOL COUNTERMEASURES LITERATURE REVIEW

The authors have reviewed the July 1973-June 1974 literature dealing with the effects of drugs, ethanol or their combination on ability to drive a motor vehicle. Although more data are now available relative to the impact of chemical ingestion on safe motor vehicle driving, they are not precise regarding effects. Information is more precise on the effects of ethanol than on other drugs or the combination of ethanol and other drugs. Studies continue to verify that alcohol induces impairment of driver abilities and they reaffirm the dominant role of alcohol in crashes. But, no effect has been reported which would separate alcohol from other factors to indicate whether the accident would not have occurred had ethanol not been present. Although extensive studies have been made of the effects of drugs and drug-alcohol combinations, the pharmacology may be better understood than can be practically demonstrated in the driver of a motor vehicle. There is a need to formulate a concensus opinion as to the acceptable amounts of drugs and alcohol, individually and in combination, which can be allowed in the body fluids of drivers.

  • Corporate Authors:

    National Safety Council

    425 North Michigan Avenue
    Chicago, IL  United States  60611

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

    Office of Driver and Pedestrian Programs, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Forney, R B
    • Richards, A B
  • Publication Date: 1975-7

Media Info

  • Pagination: 18 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00092432
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Final Rpt., DOT-HS-801-658
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-HS-4-00965
  • Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Nov 5 1976 12:00AM