WAVE BREAKING IN THE PRESENCE OF WIND DRIFT AND SWELL

Wind, blowing over a water surface, induces a thin layer of high vorticity in which the wind stress is supported by molecular viscosity; the magnitude of the surface drift, the velocity difference across the layer, being of the order of 3% of the wind speed. When long waves move across the surface, there is a nonlinear augmentation of the surface drift near the long-wave crests so that short waves, super-imposed on the longer ones, experience an augmented drift in these regions. This is shown to reduce the maximum amplitude that the short waves can attain when they are at the point of incipient breaking. Theoretical estimates of the reduction are compared with measurements in wind-wave tanks by the authors and by Mitsuvasu (1966) in which long mechanically generated waves are superimposed on short wind-generated waves. The reductions measured in the energy density of the short waves by increasing the slope of the longer ones at constant wind speed are generally consistent with the predictions of the theory in a variety of cases. (Author)

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Also published in Journal of Fluid Mechanics, V66 Pt4 pp 625-640, 1974.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore

    Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Baltimore, MD  USA 
  • Authors:
    • Phillips, O M
    • Banner, M L
  • Publication Date: 1974-3-6

Media Info

  • Pagination: 18 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00127453
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Contract Numbers: N000014-67-AO163-000
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 3 1975 12:00AM