The American Automobile Association sponsored this report on the proposed requirements for passive restraints in all cars manufactured after September 1, 1976 in order to determine the true worth and cost of such a device to the motorist/consumer. The report criticizes the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's arrival at the proposed regulations and feels NHTSA did not recognize certain factors: It is possible to develop better harnesses than are currently available to the American consumer. No purely passive restraint system meets appropriate barrier and roll-over tests. Harness usage levels can be increased through legislation. Passive restraints can be disabled. Testing on passive systems has been insufficient. Harnesses are considered superior. Cost-to-consumer of air bag restraints is about $2.5 billion per year. Cost-effectiveness of the harness is three times that of the air bag. Equity rights of the consumer are violated. NHTSA does not recognize all aspects of the harness. The air bag is not superior to the harness and is often inferior. No one utilizing a lap-shoulder harness has died in a crash, except when the compartment is invaded by an outside object or crushed. Harness development has been inhibited from requirements for passive restraints. Air bags will cost consumers $250. more per car. NHTSA should abandon requirements for passive restraints in all vehicles. /MW/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Study sponsored by the American Automobile Association.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Economics and Science Planning, Incorporated

    Ring Building, 1200 18th Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20036
  • Publication Date: 1974-10

Media Info

  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 23 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00127175
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 14 1976 12:00AM