All engineering surfaces exhibit varying degrees of sharpness and roundedness, and this characteristic is commonly identified by the "feel" or touch of the surface under consideration. Model surfaces such as cubes, cones, and spheres demonstrate extremes of flatness, sharpness, and roundedness, respectively, and they have the dual advantage of simple mathematical definition and reproducibility. This paper describes a logical progression from model to random textures, and discusses the relative significance of mean void width and asperity size, shape, and spacing. An alternating mechanism of wear on road surfaces is shown to exist which preserves the macrotexture by successive flattening and rounding of individual asperities. It is concluded that the two fundamental requirements of any standard surface are minimal wear and reproducibility or repeatability of frictional results. These criteria demand some degree of compromise in establishing a desirable texture in a standard surface, whereas the resulting frictional performance of the final selection is of secondary importance.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Presented at a symposium in Philadelphia on Surface Texture Versus Skidding: Measurements, Frictional Aspects, and Safety Features of Tire-Pavement Interactions.
  • Corporate Authors:

    American Society for Testing and Materials

    100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700
    West Conshohocken, PA  United States  19428-2957
  • Authors:
    • MOORE, D F
  • Publication Date: 1975-7

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: 13 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00126536
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Conf Paper
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 18 1975 12:00AM