ON THE RESPONSE OF HEMISPHERIC MEAN TEMPERATURE TO STRATOSPHERIC DUST: AN EMPIRICAL APPROACH

The cooling effects of stratospheric dust, and corresponding response times for hemispheric mean temperature changes, are estimated using an empirical approach and a simple time-dependent formulation. The approach couples estimates of stratospheric dust injections by volcanic eruptions to an available record of mean temperature anomalies. The time period examined is 1883-1968. The effort is exploratory; nevertheless, the results strongly suggest that large volcanic eruptions do lead to short-term climatic cooling effects that, with frequent eruptions, would tend to be cumulative. The many uncertainties are noted, as are difficulties introduced by apparent underlying temperature trends. The cooling coefficients and response time found are compared to values developed elsewhere. The apparent climatic significance of stratospheric dust, and the fact that climatic changes involve integrals over time, suggest that long-term records of stratospheric dust, as well as other climate-determining parameters, should be developed and maintained.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Institute for Defense Analyses

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    Department of Transportation

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    Climatic Impact Assessment Program.

    ,    
  • Authors:
    • Oliver, R C
  • Publication Date: 1975-4

Media Info

  • Pagination: 47 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00091503
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: P-1094 Final Rpt.
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-OS-30057
  • Files: NTIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jul 24 1975 12:00AM