EYE INJURIES AND THE WINDSCREEN
The importance of traffic injuries as a modern disease is mentioned, together with the difficulties of studying A problem which crosses conventional medical and engineering boundaries. The literature on trauma to the eyes of car occupants is reviewed briefly; this suggests that toughened glass is the source of the greatest number of injuries. The history of car windscreen design from the safety point of view is traced briefly, illustrating how two quite different solutions to the problem have evolved in different parts of the world. Studies of the comparative performance of hpr laminated glass and toughened glass windscreens are summarised, and the superiority of laminated glass over toughened as far as general injuries to the head and face is outlined. The work on eye injuries in birmingham is reviewed; the results emphasize the risk to front passengers, the importance of bilateral trauma and the source of most of the injuries being a toughened glass windscreen. It is concluded that eye injuries to car occupants could be almost eliminated if laminated windscreens were used instead of toughened. Increased seat belt use will also reduce the magnitude of the problem, but will not eliminate it. (A) /TRRL/
- Presented as the Barbara Knox Memorial Lecture, Irish Faculty.
Birmingham University, EnglandDepartment of Transportation
Birmingham B15 2TT W, arwickshire, England
- Mackay, G M
- Publication Date: 0
- Features: References; Tables;
- Pagination: 15 p.
- TRT Terms: Design; Eye; Face; Injuries; Manual safety belts; Nonshattering glass; Safety glass; Skull; Vehicle occupancy; Vehicle occupants; Vision; Windshields
- Uncontrolled Terms: Use
- Geographic Terms: United Kingdom
- ITRD Terms: 9011: Design (overall design); 2011: Face (human); 2163: Injury; 1476: Safety belt; 1447: Safety glass; 2021: Skull; 8119: United kingdom; 9084: Use; 1715: Vehicle occupant; 2066: Vision; 1311: Windscreen (veh)
- Subject Areas: Design; Highways; Passenger Transportation; Safety and Human Factors; I84: Personal Injuries;
- Accession Number: 00125038
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
- Report/Paper Numbers: R&D Rept.
- Files: ITRD, TRIS
- Created Date: Dec 29 1975 12:00AM