NONLINEAR SOIL-STRUCTURE INTERACTION OF SKEW HIGHWAY BRIDGES

Presented in this report is a study of the behavior of short, skew highway bridges interacting with their surrounding soils during strong motion earthquakes. The first part of the study defines a three-dimensional, nonlinear mathematical model for the complete bridge-soil system while the second part develops the associated computer program for carrying out time-history dynamic response analysis. The mathematical model consists of (1) linear, elastic, three-dimensional solid finite elements representing backfill soils and abutment walls, (2) linear, elastic prismatic beam elements representing the bridge deck, pier columns, and pier caps, (3) nonlinear friction elements representing the discontinuous behavior of separation, impact, and slippage at the interfaces between backfills and abutment walls, and (4) discrete translational and rotational linear springs representing foundation flexibilities at the bases of supporting columns. In developing the computer program for time-history dynamic response analysis, considerable effort was spent in achieving computational efficiency. Special programming techniques including the use of matrix reduction procedures, iteration procedures, and variable time steps were used.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Report on an Investigation of the Effectiveness of Existing Bridge Design Methodology in Providing Adequate Structural Resistance to Seismic Disturbances.
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of California, Berkeley

    Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center
    Richmond Field Station
    Richmond, CA  USA  94804

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  USA  20590

    National Science Foundation

    1800 G Street, NW
    Washington, DC  USA  20550
  • Authors:
    • Chen, M
    • Penzien, J
  • Publication Date: 1977-8

Media Info

  • Pagination: 127 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00117489
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UCB/EERC-77/24
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Mar 29 1978 12:00AM