COUNTERMEASURES FOR POLLUTION FROM OVERFLOWS: THE STATE OF THE ART

Control and/or treatment of stormwater discharges and combined sewage overflows from urban areas are problems of increasing importance in the field of water quality management. Over the past decade much research effort has been expended and a large amount of data has been generated, primarily through the actions and support of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Storm and Combined Sewer Research and Development Program. Presented in this text are selected results of a comprehensive investigation and assessment of promising, completed and ongoing projects, representative of the state-of-the-art in abatement theory and technology; a look at recent legislation; and the identification of program needs and emphasis. Combined sewer overflows are major sources of water pollution problems, but even discharges of stormwater alone can seriously affect water quality. Current approaches involve control of overflows, treatment and combinations of the two. Control may involve maximizing treatment with existing facilities, control of infiltration and extraneous inflows, surface sanitation and management, as well as flow regulation and storage. A number of treatment methods have been evaluated including high rate screening and microstraining, ultra high rate filtration, dissolved air flotation, physical/chemical treatment, and modified biological processes. A swirl flow regulator/solids separator of anular shape construction with no moving parts has been developed. High rate disinfection methods including new disinfectants have been applied. Promising approaches involves integrated use of controls and treatment. The most disappointing have generally lacked flexibility in their operation and design. Mathematical models have been developed and successfully applied at multiple levels of sophistication and complexity.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    National Environmental Research Center

    Environmental Protection Agency
    Cincinnati, OH  USA  45268
  • Authors:
    • Field, R
    • Lager, J A
  • Publication Date: 1974-12

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 39 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00099915
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 21ASY/TASK 01
  • Report/Paper Numbers: EPA-670/2-74-090
  • Contract Numbers: EPA-68-03-0179
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 18 1975 12:00AM