THE REVIEW AND EVALUATION OF THE ECONOMIC AND TECHNICAL RESULTS OF THE AUTOMATION OF METROPOLITAN RAILWAYS. EFFECT OF THE ENERGY CRISIS ON THEIR OPERATION
A summary is presented of a questionnaire survey relating to the degree of automation attained in signalling, track equipment and local signal boxes, termini operations, timetable compensation for disturbances, monitoring and control posts, and rolling stock. Automation seems inevitable in the management of station operations. The objectives in the automation of metropolitan railways are examined with reference to economics, quality of service, working conditions, and employment problems. The need is indicated for analyses based on multiple criteria. A study of the possible repercussions of the energy crisis on the running of metropolitan railways in London, New York, Paris, Stockholm and Munich, involved the analysis of replies to a questionnaire survey. The questionnaire investigated the impact, of the crisis on urban transport, and the combined effect on road traffic and traffic on public transport networks. The study concludes that the decision to automate cannot be based solely on economic criteria. Precise evaluatory methods, modern management and operation techniques and analysis of the extent to which the undertaking's objectives are attained must determine the expendiency of automation.
- Presented at 41st International Congress of the International Union of Public Transport, Nice, France, 1975.
Brussels, Belgium BE-1080
- ESSIG, P
- Berry, F T
- Publication Date: 1975
- Pagination: 11 p.
- TRT Terms: Automatic control; Automation; Economics; Employment; Energy; Energy resources; Evaluation; Intermodal terminals; Level of service; Metropolitan areas; Operations research; Public transit; Questionnaires; Railroad transportation; Rollers; Scheduling; Signaling; Technology; Transportation; Urban transportation
- Uncontrolled Terms: Criteria; Energy crisis; Service
- Subject Areas: Economics; Energy; Operations and Traffic Management; Transportation (General);
- Accession Number: 00099745
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: 3a Conf Paper
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Oct 18 1981 12:00AM