TRANSLATIONS OF TESTS OF COMPONENTS INTO OCCUPANT MODELS AND CONTACT MODELS
The motion of occupants under the conditions of traffic accidents can be described in more or less extensive simulation models. For the evaluation of loadings on occupants, it is indispensable to include all exterior forces (e.g. seat forces) which have influence on motion behaviour, as well as contact models which describe contact forces during impact (e.g. against the steering wheel). In component tests, seat belt material, steering wheel and seat were examined; force/deflection characteristics were derived from these experimental results. Utilization of these dynamic characteristics in simulation models results in a realistic description of the motion of the occupant. In this way, mechanical loads on the occupant can also be evaluated, this enabling the assessment of risk of injury.
- Find a library where document is available. Order URL: http://worldcat.org/issn/01487191
- International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, Michigan, February 25-March 1, 1985.
Warrendale, PA United States 15096
- KRAMER, F
- Heger, A
- Appel, H
- Publication Date: 1985
- Features: Figures; References;
- Pagination: 17 p.
- TRT Terms: Deflection; Force; Hazards; Injuries; Manual safety belts; Mechanical loads; Motion; Risk assessment; Seats; Simulation; Steering wheels; Traffic crashes; Vehicle components; Vehicle occupants
- Subject Areas: Passenger Transportation; Safety and Human Factors; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00450780
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
- Report/Paper Numbers: SAE 850515, HS-038 948
- Files: HSL, USDOT
- Created Date: Dec 31 1985 12:00AM