This report describes the laboratory effort to develop analytical techniques to characterize exhaust emissioins from neat methanol and ethanol-fueled vehicles. Analytical techniques were developed or modified to allow the measurement of methanol, ethanol, aldehydes and ketones, methyl nitrite, and formic and acetic acid in both raw and CVS-diluted exhaust. The methods were validated, qualified, and then used to evaluate exhaust emissions from a 1981 Ford Escort chassis with a 1983 1.6-liter methanol-fueled Ford Escort engine. The vehicle was evaluated over the Light-Duty Federal Test Procedure (FTP) and at 30 and 55 mph steady-state operation with and without a catalytic converter. In addition to testing conducted with the 90% methanol/10% gasoline fuel blend for which the Ford Escort engine was designed, testing was also conducted with 100% methanol fuel. Other areas investigated included unburned fuel hydrocarbon composition, FID response correction for alcohols as compared with propane, and losses of unburned fuel and aldehydes in the sampling system.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Southwest Research Institute

    6220 Culebra Road, P.O. Drawer 28510
    San Antonio, TX  United States  78228-0510
  • Authors:
    • Smith, L R
  • Publication Date: 1985-5

Media Info

  • Pagination: 195 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00457166
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Energy Research Abstracts
  • Report/Paper Numbers: SWRI-7670
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 27 2004 9:40PM