The provision of safe bridge structures is an activity that occupies many engineers and design agencies. The loading features in current AASHTO provisions for short and medium sppan bridges were based on truck data recorded almost a half century ago. Recent development of discrete and unbiased weigh-in-motion systems have provided an opportunity to revise the specifications to use current data base including truck weights, configurations and headway, girder distribution and impact values. This data is incorporated in the present study with a reliability analysis. This provides uniform and consistent reliabilities over a variety of bridge spans and configurations. The reliability model incorporates prediction of extreme loads and the uncertainties in loading variables, strength and failure consequences. Maximum load spectra are compared with simulation, theoretical and approximate modelling. Two extensive examples are illustrated including fatigue design of steel attachments and static strength design. Recommended design provisions are given for each example. In each application, design loading vehicles are derived with measured characteristics to provide uniform reliability over a complete range of application. This includes simple and continuous spans. Allowable stresses are adjusted to provide consistent component reliabilities. Load factors are introduced to incorporate truck weight intensities and volume. Numerous examples and sensitivity studies are discussed on the impact of the data base on the recommended design provisions. Further discussion is made on extending the loading model to evaluation and rating of existing bridges and decisions regarding posting, permit vehicle and legal load changes.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Case Western Reserve University

    Department of Civil Engineering, 10900 Euclid Avenue
    Cleveland, OH  United States  44106-7201

    Ohio Department of Transportation

    P.O. Box 889
    Columbus, OH  United States  43215

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Moses, F
    • Ghosn, M
  • Publication Date: 1985-1

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 189 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00454398
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA-OH-85-005
  • Contract Numbers: State 14361(0)
  • Created Date: Jul 31 1986 12:00AM