SIMULATION, EVALUATION, AND CONFLICT ANALYSIS IN URBAN PLANNING

This paper presents a pragmatic approach toward solving the problems involved in the use of models for urban planning. This approach combines dynamic simulation, multiattributive evaluation, and group participation. It consists of the combination of a multiperiod, multiregion, dynamic, digital simulation model of urban development with an evaluation model based on the multiattributive utility theory (MAUT). Testing of this approach was conducted through a number of experimental workshops. The result of each cycle of simulation and evaluation showed in all workshops significantly reduced conflicts between the groups and a convergence of satisfaction levels. It appeared that, if implemented in a real-world framework, the methodology would provide coordinated, participatory, informed urban development planning. The approach would serve as the nucleus of a "municipal simulation laboratory," which would (1) be a public institution for interdisciplinary, interagency, and participatory solution of planning problems, (2) consist of experimental testing of future alternatives with respect to technical and economic interdependencies, general development trends and group- specific goal systems, and (3) combine group-dynamic techniques such as gaming, with advanced information technology, dynamic systems simulation and multidimensional evaluation. There remain, however, certain practical and political problems associated with the application of this approach. These deserve careful investigation before the feasibility of the approach can be established. For instance, it is necessary to ask who would benefit from the information lead associated with it, whether it might be an instrument for rational conflict resolution and avoidance, or a manipulative tool in the hands of a small minority, under the influence of which the rules and procedures of municipal self-government might degenerate to a mere formality.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    3 Park Avenue, 17th Floor
    New York, NY  United States  10016-5997
  • Authors:
    • Bauer, V
    • WEGENER, M
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1975-3

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: p. 405-413
  • Serial:
    • Volume: 63
    • Issue Number: 3

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00084202
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Proceeding
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 7 1975 12:00AM