SETTLEMENT OF A BUILDING WITH AN INCLINED STRATIFICATION OF SEVERELY COMPRESSIBLE SOILS IN THE FOUNDATION BED

A lithological section is shown and the laying of the foundations of an angular residential dwelling is described. The foundation was in the form of a continuous reinforced concrete slab laid above the water level on a layer of severely and unevenly compressible clay soils. Tilting of the end of the section was inevitable owing to the stratification of severely compressible soils. To ensure a free relative displacement of the parts of the building, the settling joint was made wider. Continuous reinforced concrete bands were specified along the perimeter of the bearing walls and columns on the crosspiece markers of the second and fourth floors. Settlement values were determined by the summation and equivalent layer methods. The deformation of the foundation soils was calculated from values of the coefficient of compressibility of each variety of severely compressible soils underlying the foot of the slab. The experience gained in this project permits consideration of the possibility of erecting buildings under similar soil conditions without cutting through the severely and unevenly compressible soils of the cover layer. The preservation of the natural structure of the soils is important; therefore the foundation should be laid above the water level. The design of the foundation should ensure, by its size and rigidity, the transmission to the bed of low pressures which do not cause shear strains. The design solutions of buildings should be based on the principles of the joint work of the bed and the structure.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Translated from Osnovaniya, Fundamenty i Mekhanika Gruntov, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp 18-19, March 1964.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Consultants Bureau

    227 West 17th Street
    New York, NY  USA  10011
  • Authors:
    • Votyakov, I F
  • Publication Date: 1964-6

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00083805
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 29 1975 12:00AM