THE INFLUENCE OF SEAT-BELTS AND HEAD-RESTS ON THE INJURIES OF CAR OCCUPANTS

DER EINFLASS VON SITZGURTEN UND KOPFSTUETZEN AUF DIE VERLETZUNGEN VON AUTOINSASSEN

The consequences resulting for the car occupants either with or without seat-belts after different collision patterns (head-on-, rear-, side impacts, etc.) are discussed. Seventy percent of all severly injured and 62% of the killed occupants were caused by head-on-impacts and ejection. Wearing a seat-belt is the best way to avoid injuries especially in these two situations. It has also pointed to the importance of speed-limits because seat-belts protect in an optimal way only up to 55 km/h impact-velocity (against a wall, a tree or an identical car running at the same speed). This explains that belts should be worn particularly within built-up areas. At a rough estimation 350 occupants less shall be killed and 4000 less severely injured after the 1975 expected compulsory seat-belt wearing. Besides well adjusted 3-point belts, correctly fixed head-rests are the most important safety devices for car occupants.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Verlag Hans Huber

    Laenggasstrasse 76
    3000 Bern 9,   Switzerland 
  • Authors:
    • WALZ, F
  • Publication Date: 1974-9

Language

  • German

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00083733
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 8 1975 12:00AM