This paper presents the various features and operational properties of a two-dimensional mathematical model of crash victim motions. The features of this model include: (1) An eight mass representation of the human body where contact between the crash victim and the vehicle is represented in terms of independent force-deformation properties of the victim and the vehicle. (2) An extensible multijoint neck and a realistically flexible shoulder joint. (3) A real- line representation of the vehicle interior or exterior where shape is given as a network of points. (4) Specific predictive restraint device submodels for the airbag, the energy absorbing steering column, and a slipping, energy absorbing three-point-belt restraint system. (5) A flexible output package including graphics, an injury criteria monitor, and a variety of options for listing, deleting, and comparing selected output variables.

Media Info

  • Pagination: p. 657-678
  • Serial:
    • Volume: 18

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00083605
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: SAE #741195
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 8 1975 12:00AM