ENERGY SCOPE: THE CONSERVATION ETHIC

The typical energy conservation strategy adopted by industry is summarized, and conservation measures undertaken by major energy users are reviewed. The following steps are identified as the most common features of conservation programs: determine actual energy usage; compare to realistic minimum energy usage; identify opportunities for energy saving projects; plan project tactical actions; evaluate saving potentials; select project priorities; execute according to priorities; and monitor results. The steel industry, a major energy user is looking increasingly into coal gasification processes. Open hearth shops are being replaced by basic oxygen furnace shops. Coke is also being considered as a potential fuel. Some conservation steps taken by oil refiners include the replacement of defective steam taps, recovery of waste heat, substitution of electrostatic precipation for thermal treaters, insulation of heat exchangers, adjustment and modification of boilers and heaters, and elimination gas flaring. Measures undertaken by specific companies are also outlined. In the chemical industry, another major energy user, conservation has been realized through improved surveillance and maintenance of steam devices, burning of waste tars, improved condensate recovery, mechanical drives and refrigeration systems with lower energy requirements, and by-product recovery. Specific measures adopted by E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. are discussed. In the aluminum industry (a major consumer of energy), the use of new smelting processes will substantialy reduce energy consumption. Delays in delivery of energy saving equipment environmental controls which use too much energy, and the law of diminishing returns are identified as the factors which have hindered companies from realizing even greater energy conservation.

  • Corporate Authors:

    American Society of Mechanical Engineers

    Two Park Avenue
    New York, NY  USA  10016-5990
  • Publication Date: 1975-2

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00083007
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 26 1975 12:00AM