Legislation related to auto fuel economy is reviewed. Congressional interest was initially based on two approaches, namely, recovery of fuel economy in existing cars by waiving current or future emission control requirements, and the promotion of fuel economy in cars to be built in the future. Bills that amended Title 11 of the Clean Air Act, would have permitted or required deactivation of these controls on late model cars either nationwide or in areas without auto pollutant problems. It was claimed that fuel savings could range up to 0.14 million bbl/day. Another series of bills would have waived emission limitations on new cars lasting for the duration of the energy emergency. The concepts embodied in bills designed to improve fuel economy of future cars are set forth. A bill passed in December 1973 required the disclosure of expected fuel consumption rate, required auto markers to phase reduction in fuel consumption over time, and required the funding of R&D on more efficient vehicle engines. A report, required by a law which became effective in June 1974, is briefly summarized. A draft bill is discussed which proposes that the Department of Transportation set mandatory fuel economy standards-more stringent each year- until by 1980, new cars would average 21 ml/gal. Arguments in favor of and against the legislative approach are presented, and alternative approaches to the same objective are discussed.

  • Corporate Authors:

    American Chemical Society

    1155 16th Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20036
  • Authors:
    • Gushee, D E
  • Publication Date: 1975-2

Media Info

  • Features: Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 66-68
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00083004
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 26 1975 12:00AM