ENERGY RESEARCH: THE LONG-TERM PERSPECTIVE
The bases for energy research and development are identified, the priorities are set forth, and the government role in automotive and solar energy R&D are reviewed. Oil and gas are recognized as limited resources, and the need for substituting fossil fuel for oil and gas and the long range need to turn to non-fossil energy (breeder reactors, fusion, solar and geothermal energy) are discussed. It is essential to stretch oil and gas resources as far as possible by developing advanced methods for their recovery. Coal gasification and liquefaction programs are underway but scant attention has been given to methods of recovering oil from shale. In this connection, science and measurement methodology underlying environmental standards are recognized as important as the energy technologies themselves. A recent study has shown that automobiles with fuel economies of 20 miles per gallon are feasible by 1980-1985. At the present time, the need is indicated for two types of automobiles: the type with a highly efficient heat engine burning a synthetic fuel, and an electric car. Research and development efforts related to solar energy have been concentrated on the windmill. The photovoltaic process, however, is considered to have the greatest long-term potential.
National Bureau of StandardsDepartment of Commerice
Washington, DC USA 20234
- Thomson, R M
- Publication Date: 1975-1
- Features: Figures; Photos;
- Pagination: 3 p.
- TRT Terms: Coal; Crude oil; Development; Electric vehicles; Energy; Fossil fuels; Gasification; Gasoline; Nuclear energy; Research; Shale; Solar energy; Synthetics; Technology
- Uncontrolled Terms: Research and development
- Subject Areas: Economics; Energy; Highways; Research; Society;
- Accession Number: 00083001
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Mar 26 1975 12:00AM