BREATH MEASUREMENT INSTRUMENTATION IN THE U.S.
Alcohol is the one drug for which a reasonably well defined dose-response curve for traffic crashes has been developed. The first of these curves was calculated by Borkenstein and his coworkers, based on their well known Grand Rapids Study, in which they collected breath samples from drivers using the road but not in crashes and from crash involved drivers. Recently, Hearst has calculated similar curves for all of the other crash/control studies. While these curves vary significantly, at least in part, on the type of crash to which they apply, they are all similar in showing the normal dose-response relationship where low doses appear to produce little behavioral effect, while with increasing dosage, a more rapidly increasing behavioral effect becomes apparent. Below 0.05 percent blood alcohol concentration (BAC), there is little or no slope in these curves, but the rise becomes quite steep in the region of 0.10 percent BAC and above. In general, the acceleration of the curve is steeper for the more severe crash.
American Association for Automotive Medicine801 Green Bay Road
Lake Bluff, IL USA 60044
American Association for Automotive Medicine1211 West 22nd Street
Oak Brook, IL USA 60523
- MOULDEN, J V
- Voas, R B
- 18th Annual Conference of the American Association for Automotive Medicine
- Location: Toronto Ontario, Canada
- Date: 1974-9-12 to 1974-9-14
- Publication Date: 1974
- Features: Figures; Photos; Tables;
- Pagination: 30 p.
- Volume: 18
- TRT Terms: Alcohol breath tests; Alcohols; Capillary water; Crash investigation; Crash severity; Dosage; Drunk drivers; Drunk driving
- Subject Areas: Highways; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00081452
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Mar 26 1975 12:00AM