CRITICAL EVALUATION OF THE LITERATURE ON "ALCOHOL INVOLVEMENT" IN HIGHWAY DEATHS

Numbers describing alcohol-involvement in annual traffic death tolls, e.g. 27,000-35,000, are exaggerated because studies have been misinterpreted, misread and sometimes misrepresented. Every study of alcohol-involvement in fatal crashes is biased because of incomplete data which show a higher proportion of heavy drinkers than would be found if all victims could be tested. Based on presently available data and allowing for differences in exposure (e.g. child pedestrians are more likely to die in the daytime and therefore less likely to be killed by a drunk) and for the likelihood that not all intoxicated victims are responsible for their own death and that the majority of sober victims killed are responsible for their own death, it is estimated that no more than 36 percent of all traffic deaths involve alcohol in some causal fashion rather than 50 percent or more.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Pergamon Press, Incorporated

    Maxwell House, Fairview Park
    Elmsford, NY  USA  10523
  • Authors:
    • ZYLMAN, R
  • Publication Date: 1974-10

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00081308
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 26 1975 12:00AM