OFFSHORE TANKER "ISLAND"
Attention is focused on terminals for the receipt of crude oil, or products, rather than shipment. The term "island" has come to mean several things in connection with oil terminals. There are real, existing islands, artificial islands made by dredging fill from the sea bed, and then there is the "sea-island" or "jetty", which is a structure supported on piles, or caissons, sunk into the sea floor. The distinction seems to be that in an "island", the tanker berths alongside a fixed structure with a predetermined orientation. With respect to wind and weather, therefore, the vessel cannot turn to face it, as is the case with most of the buoy-type terminals, and the conventional mid-ship manifolds are connected by short hoses or mechanical pipe arms to pipe lines that conduct the oil to storage tanks. Government efforts would seem to be directed toward sorting out various agency commitments relative to a single or multi-purpose offshore tanker terminal. State agreement and assistance has been negative, nor has industry approval been universal. With the Administration lacking a strong and active policy, the time likely to be needed for government and the oil industry to arrive at a common plan, obtain the funds, political support, permits and organization to build such a terminal will probably be a matter of ten years.
- Presented at the 18th Annual Tanker Conference, Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, May 7-9, 1973.
American Petroleum Institute1220 L Street, NW
Washington, DC United States 20005-4070
- Harlow, E H
- Publication Date: 1973-5
- Features: References;
- Pagination: p. 93-124
- TRT Terms: Moorings; Offshore moorings; Offshore terminals; Petroleum terminals; Tankers
- Old TRIS Terms: Tanker moorings
- Subject Areas: Marine Transportation; Terminals and Facilities;
- Accession Number: 00072909
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Engineering Index
- Report/Paper Numbers: Paper
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jan 16 1975 12:00AM