BEHAVIOR OF DRIVERS ON SECONDARY ROADS AT UNCONTROLLED RURAL JUNCTIONS WITH HIGHWAYS

DAS VERHALTEN VERKEHRSRECHTLICH UNTERGEORDNETER FAHRZEUGE AN KNOTENPUNKTEN OHNE LICHTSIGNALANLAGEN

This research is concerned with safety at rural intersections. Measurements of merging traffic and at rural junctions, testing series of traffic behavior and interpretation of visual perception tests showed that drivers on secondary roads perceive vehicles on highways less accurately-the higher the speed of those vehicles: high speeds are underestimated, distances overestimated. Part 1 of the research were empirical tests at two testing stands outside of residential areas in order to find an explanation for the increasing number of traffic accidents at rural junctions. Part 2 tries to explain possible faulty perception of traffic situations by means of psychological perception interpretation. Two vehicles, different in color and shape, were used in a test series to estimate the visual perception of velocity and distances. Significant differences in faulty perception were found to depend on whether the primary road vehicle approaches the secondary road driver from the left or from the right. There are systematic and accidental faulty perceptions in humans which cannot be improved by driver training but only by improving road and road environmental design, by improving road junctions and by introducting speed limits.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT

    TOKYO,   Japan 
  • Authors:
    • Findeisen, H G
  • Publication Date: 1975

Language

  • German

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00072183
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: International Union of Railways
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 21 1976 12:00AM