Increased ocean commerce and new methods of transporting goods by ship and transferring them to land transportation have changed requirements for the planning and management of modern ports. Different types of vessels, from supersized carriers of liquid and dry bulk commodities to container ships and barges, and different types of facilities demonstrate that ports have become points of transshipment rather than the prime distribution terminals for goods. Proximity to land-transport arteries rather than to population centers is now the most important factor in developing port facilities, and terminals and ports must be studied as elements in a wider transportation system serving an inland region or state. Port authorties, shippers, and government agencies responsible for harbor improvement and regulation need techniques which allow analysis of port development requirements based on local, regional, and national demand. These requirements include port improvements and innovations, operating policies and pricing, investment strategy, selection of technology, social, economic, and environmental effects, legal and regulatory controls, and management systems. The study that is summarized in this report has elaborated methods for simple, single-purpose terminal or port design and analysis as well as multipurpose port, multiport, and regional port analysis techniques. New approaches to multicommodity network flow analysis, port simulation, and port system modeling match the port development requirements with changes in commerce and shipping patterns.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Volume 1 is the Technical Report, Volume 2 Appendices.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    Sea Grant Program, 77 Massachusetts Avenue
    Cambridge, MA  United States  02139
  • Authors:
    • Frankel, E G
  • Publication Date: 1974-11

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00084476
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Report/Paper Numbers: MITSG 74-31
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 1 1975 12:00AM