CAN THE INFLUENCE OF POLICE ACTIVITY ON DRIVER BEHAVIOUR, TRAFFIC FLOW AND ACCIDENTS BE QUANTIFIED IN COST BENEFIT TERMS

THE AUTHOR FIRST SUMMARIZES BASIC INFORMATION ON THE LENGTHS OF ROADS IN BRITAIN, THE NUMBER OF VEHICLES LICENCED, POLICE STRENGTH, COSTS OF ROAD CONSTRUCTION, COSTS OF ACCIDENTS AND COST OF ROAD CONGESTION. THE ROLE THE POLICE PLAY IN THE TRAFFIC SYSTEM IS DISCUSSED TOGETHER WITH THE INFLUENCE THAT POLICE ACTIVITY HAS ON DRIVER BEHAVIOUR. THE NEXT PART OF THE PAPER IS CONCERNED WITH THE PRESENT POLICE EFFORT INCLUDING THE ALLOCATION OF POLICE COSTS AND PERSONNEL AND THE TIME TAKEN UP IN DEALING WITH ACCIDENTS. THE AUTHOR CONTINUES BY DISCUSSING EXPERIMENTS THAT HAVE BEEN CARRIED OUT IN A NUMBER OF COUNTRIES TO STUDY HOW DRIVER BEHAVIOUR CAN BE INFLUENCED BY EVIDENCE OF POLICE ACTIVITY. THIS INCLUDES OBSERVATION OF THE EFFECT OF POLICE ACTIVITY ON YIELDING AT PEDESTRIAN CROSSINGS AND OBEYANCE OF SPEED LIMITS AND ALSO THE EFFECT OF SPEED OF TRAFFIC ON ACCIDENTS. COST BENEFITS ARE EXAMINED BOTH IN TERMS OF MOBILE PATROL AND STATIC INFLUENCE, AND CONSIDER THAT MOBILE PATROL ON THE LEVEL OF ONE UNIT TO 15 MILES HAS ONLY A LIMITED EFFECT ON DRIVER BEHAVIOUR, AND THAT STATIC INFLUENCE IS GREATER AND CAN LAST FOR BETWEEN 1,000 YARDS TO 3 MILES. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT ALTHOUGH THERE ARE DIFFICULTIES IN THE PATH OF OVERNIGHT RE-ALLOCATION OF POLICE RESOURCES, MUCH IS BEING DONE TO INCREASE THEIR EFFECTIVENESS BY IMPROVED METHODS, TECHNIQUES AND EQUIPMENT.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Presented at Road Accident Seminar, London, 21-23 June 1972
  • Corporate Authors:

    Planning and Transport Res and Computation Co, Ltd

    40 Grosvenor Gardens
    London SW1,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Bailey, S E
  • Publication Date: 1972

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00081158
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Conf Paper
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 8 1975 12:00AM