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SUBMARINE TANKER ECONOMY FOR ARCTIC OIL TRANSPORTATION

Prognoses from USA indicates a production of about 270,000 tons/day of crude oil from oil wells in Alaska within 1980. The Ship Research Institute of Norway has made a preliminary study of alternative methods for transportation of Alaskan oil to some large consumption areas. Alternative consumption areas and transportation methods. 1. US East Coast: a. Icebreaking surface tanker through North West Passage. b. Submarine tanker travelling east of Greenland. c. Submarine tanker,-transshipment to surface tanker at Greenland. d. Pipeline through Canada to planned "cross-over" pipeline in USA. 2. US West Coast: a. Pipeline to Pacific Coast of Alaska,-transshipment to surface tanker. b. Pipeline through Canada to planned "cross-over" pipeline in USA. 3. Central Europe: a. Submarine tanker,-transshipment to surface tanker in Northern Norway. This paper mainly discusses the transportation of Alaskan oil by submarine tankers to ports at US East Coast and in Europe. The following subjects are covered: The submarine tanker; Route/ice problems; Navigation; First cost; Fuel costs; Repair/maintenance and classification costs; Harbour expenses; Crew expenses; Insurance expenses. The Authors conclusion is that the most inexpensive way of oil transportation from Alaska to US East Coast are by submarine tankers to Greenland, and transshipment with surface tankers. The pipeline alternative are not taken into consideration. For transportation to Central Europe the oil moving costs from Alaska by submarines will be cheaper than transportation of oil from Persian Gulf to Europe by surface tankers.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Abstract of paper delivered at the First International Conference on "Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions" held at Trondheim, Norway, August 23-30, 1971
  • Corporate Authors:

    POAC Conference

    ,    
  • Authors:
    • Getz, J R
  • Publication Date: 1971

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00025706
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Arctic Institute of North America
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 28 1974 12:00AM