RAPID SHUTDOWN OF FAILED PIPELINE SYSTEMS AND LIMITING OF PRESSURE TO PREVENT PIPELINE FAILURE DUE TO OVERPRESSURE. PART I. FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT
The state-of-the-art was determined for (1) rapid shutdown of failed pipeling systems, and (2) limiting of pressure to prevent failure. Liquid pipelines, gas transmission lines and gas distribution systems were studied. Information was obtained from a comprehensive questionnaire survey of the industry, a literature search, and other sources. The effectiveness of rapid shutdown in reducing accident effects was determined from analysis of historical accident data and analysis of the sequence of events between failure and shutdown. Costs of implementing rapid shutdown and resulting benefits were estimated. Feasibility of a liquid spillage limitation, and relative risks in rapid shutdown vs. continued operation of a failed gas distribution facility were investigated. For systems studied, results indicate that rapid shutdown does reduce accident effects. Rapid shutdown equipment which is technically and economically feasible is identified.
- Paper copy also available in set of 2 reports as PB-241 324-SET, PC$16.00.
Mechanics Research, Incorporated9841 Airport Boulevard
Los Angeles, CA USA 90045
Department of Transportation1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC USA 20590
- Platus, D L
- MacKenzie, D W
- Morse, C P
- Publication Date: 1974-10-31
- Pagination: 225 p.
- TRT Terms: Benefit cost analysis; Failure; Gas pipelines; Hazards; Leakage; Natural gas distribution systems; Pipeline transportation; Pipelines; Pressure; Prevention; Risk assessment; Safety; Safety engineering
- Old TRIS Terms: Overpressure; Pressure control; Shutdowns
- Subject Areas: Pipelines; Safety and Human Factors; Security and Emergencies; Terminals and Facilities;
- Accession Number: 00091316
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: MRI-2628-TR1
- Files: NTIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Jun 26 1975 12:00AM