CHEMICAL ADDITIVES FOR IMPROVEMENT OF OIL SPILL CONTROL
Chemical additives for improving oil spill control were studied. A state of art report, bibliography and evaluation were prepared. Drum and belt driven oil flow simulation tanks for oil control study were developed. Sixteen oils tested showed initial dropletting and entrainment for oil slicks on water at 0.3 to 0.6 knots, with no correlation between viscosity, density or interfacial tension. Most effective additives were non-toxic oil soluble hydrocarbon polymers, polyethylenes and ethylene-propylene copolymers, useful at low concentrations, raising initial entrainment speeds to 2 knots, short of 10 knot objective. Surface active agents did not inhibit dropletting or promote coalescence of oil or oily drops.
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute110 Eighth Street
Troy, NY USA 12180
United States Coast Guard2100 Second Street, SW
Washington, DC USA 20593
- Bauer, W H
- Borton, D N
- Bulloff, J J
- ROSS, S
- Publication Date: 1974-8
- Pagination: 195 p.
- TRT Terms: Additives; Bonding; Booms (Lifting equipment); Dispersers; Equipment tests; Flow; Fluid dynamics; Oil spill cleanup; Oil spills; Polymers; State of the art; Surface tension; Test procedures; Texture; Toxicity; Water pollution; Water quality management
- Uncontrolled Terms: Coalescence; Fluid flow
- Old TRIS Terms: Aluminum soaps; Booms equipment; Drops; Oil containment; Oil spill control; Test equipment
- Subject Areas: Environment; Marine Transportation;
- Accession Number: 00090612
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: DOT-CG-33755-A
- Files: NTIS, TRIS
- Created Date: Jun 10 1975 12:00AM