FIXED ILLUMINATION FOR PEDESTRIAN PROTECTION: PHASE I

Phase I of the research consisted of an assessment of the pedestrian safety literature, a state-of-the-art review of crosswalk illumination, an analysis of Philadelphia accident data, a series of observational experiments, and a preliminary cost-benefit analysis. The major conclusions are: (1) Extensive specialized crosswalk illumination systems are in operation in Switzerland, Copenhagen, Hanover, Toronto, Winnipeg, Las Vegas and Detroit. (2) The effect of the foreign systems has been a reduction in nighttime pedestrian accidents at illuminated crosswalks ranging from 20% in Toronto (day and night) to 63% in Hanover (night only). (3) Costs of such specialized illumination are about $2,000 per installation plus $250 per year for maintenance and operation. (4) The preliminary benefit/cost ratios obtainable with such systems are between 0.2 and 3.6 with an average of about 1.5.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Franklin Institute

    20th and Benjamin Franklin Parkway
    Philadelphia, PA  USA  19103

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  USA  20590
  • Authors:
    • Janoff, M S
    • Charles, J W
    • Freedman, M
  • Publication Date: 1974-5

Media Info

  • Pagination: 135 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00090544
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA-RD-74- 75 Intrm Rpt.
  • Contract Numbers: FH-11-8034
  • Files: NTIS, TRIS, ATRI, USDOT
  • Created Date: May 29 1976 12:00AM