FIXED ILLUMINATION FOR PEDESTRIAN PROTECTION: PHASE I
Phase I of the research consisted of an assessment of the pedestrian safety literature, a state-of-the-art review of crosswalk illumination, an analysis of Philadelphia accident data, a series of observational experiments, and a preliminary cost-benefit analysis. The major conclusions are: (1) Extensive specialized crosswalk illumination systems are in operation in Switzerland, Copenhagen, Hanover, Toronto, Winnipeg, Las Vegas and Detroit. (2) The effect of the foreign systems has been a reduction in nighttime pedestrian accidents at illuminated crosswalks ranging from 20% in Toronto (day and night) to 63% in Hanover (night only). (3) Costs of such specialized illumination are about $2,000 per installation plus $250 per year for maintenance and operation. (4) The preliminary benefit/cost ratios obtainable with such systems are between 0.2 and 3.6 with an average of about 1.5.
Franklin Institute20th and Benjamin Franklin Parkway
Philadelphia, PA USA 19103
Washington, DC USA 20590
- Janoff, M S
- Charles, J W
- Freedman, M
- Publication Date: 1974-5
- Pagination: 135 p.
- TRT Terms: Benefit cost analysis; Crosswalks; Intersections; Light; Lighting; Lighting systems; Pedestrian movement; Pedestrian safety; Protection; Safety engineering; Street lighting; Traffic crashes; Traffic safety; Urban areas
- Uncontrolled Terms: Motor vehicle accidents
- Old TRIS Terms: Illuminating; Pedestrian protection; Protective lighting
- Subject Areas: Highways; Operations and Traffic Management; Safety and Human Factors; Security and Emergencies;
- Accession Number: 00090544
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA-RD-74- 75 Intrm Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: FH-11-8034
- Files: NTIS, TRIS, ATRI, USDOT
- Created Date: May 29 1976 12:00AM