The present study has a dual purpose. In the first place, it is intended to assist in dealing with the social implications of new methods of cargo handling, placing special emphasis on a new approach to labor-management relations in ports, on schemes offering some guarantee of employment or income and on the development of training for dockers. Secondly, in view of the fact that experts nominated by the ILO have recently participated in surveys of many ports and have been called upon to proffer advice on a wide range of subjects, it was thought that a report indicating how the developing countries have solved some of their problems in the field of port organization and dock labor might be useful. For that reason, a number of issues relating to conventional methods of handling cargo have been discussed, although space does not permit the inclusion of detailed information on the actual situation in ports in various parts of the world, for instance in regard to conditions of work. While technical progress is to be welcomed, its possible consequences for port workers need to be carefully studied. As a United Nations expert pointed out. "There is no doubt that a number of factors influence speed, quality and cost of cargo handling. But the human element represented by port labor is still to be regarded as the basic and decisive one." The primary concern of this study will therefore be the problems of dockers, although new trends in cargo handling will inevitably have important repercussions for workers in road and rail transport and inland navigation.

  • Corporate Authors:

    International Labour Office

    Geneva,   Switzerland 
  • Authors:
    • Evans, A A
  • Publication Date: 1969

Media Info

  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 1-233
  • Serial:
    • Issue Number: 74

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00019337
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 8 1971 12:00AM