ALCOHOL EXPERIMENTS ON DRIVING-RELATED BEHAVIOUR: A REVIEW OF THE 1972-1973 LITERATURE - ALCOHOL COUNTERMEASURES LITERATURE REVIEW
Liberal consumption of alcoholic beverages influences driving behavior. There is universal agreement of this fact, but there is less consensus on the specific nature of the assumed influences of alcohol and far less experimental evidence for the exact nature and scope of such effects. The purpose of the author's review is to present and critically discuss some recent experiments concerned with influences of alcohol upon behavioral variables which are assumedly relevant for successful driving performance. This review is limited to laboratory experiments (including part-task simulator studies) in which: (1) alcohol was either the only drug or at least the primary drug investigated, (2) healthy (i.e., non-alcoholic) subjects were used, and (3) those aspects of behavior that seem more immediately involved in driving were investigated. The author summarizes by considering important trends which have been developing and/or culminating in recent years, the research needs suggested by recent reviewers, and a listing of recent investigation in which specialists rated priorities for basic research and applied research in the area of alcohol and highway safety.
National Safety Council425 North Michigan Avenue
Chicago, IL USA 60611
- Perrine, M W
- Publication Date: 1974-11
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 78 p.
- TRT Terms: Alcohols; Behavior; Crashes; Drivers; Driving simulators; Drunk drivers; Drunk driving; Laboratory studies; Reaction time
- Uncontrolled Terms: Driver reaction
- Subject Areas: Highways; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00081532
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
- Report/Paper Numbers: DOT HS-801 266 Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: DOT-HS-371-3-786
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Mar 26 1975 12:00AM