Transportation combined with community planning can help rebuild cities without congestion, and it offers new alternatives for guiding urban growth. Features of planned communities that are relevant to building more satisfactory urban environments are outlined; they include good housing close to employment, underground freight delivery, low fares or no fares on high-quality public transit, and preservation of open space to prevent continuous urbanization and land pollution. Future surplus from the Highway Trust Fund should be used to help solve problems of urban areas. Rather than a highway trust fund, a fund for urban transportation and the environment is needed. Funds to accommodate the automobile should not be used exclusively for highways; they should be spent to create a total system in which the automobile can be useful without being destructive. A combination of programs of the Department of Transportation and the Department of Housing and Urban Development could supply all the ingredients for large-scale redevelopment and new city building: transportation, land acquisition, housing, community facilities, and economic development, along with center city slum clearance and renewal. A sample 10-year program of how transportation outlays might be used to support new city building and urban redevelopment is presented; it includes the purpose of each feature, such as converting streets to pedestrian ways, improving public transit networks, and eliminating commercial strips, as well as the number of units affected, the unit cost, and the 10-year cost. In 10 years a combined federal and state urban transportation effort could take advantage of more than $50 billion in funding. In America, the importance of a combined program of urban redevelopment and new communities surpasses decongestion and a quality environment; such a program is necessary to avert a dual society of black cities and white suburbs. Planned communities have shown that the transportation problem can be contained by focusing on nontransportation solutions that emphasize accessibility rather than movement. New cities are inevitable; the only question is whether future urban growth will be allowed to happen without forethought or whether it will be planned for pleasant and efficient living.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Pulbished in Urban Transportation Perspectives and Prospects.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Newcastle University, Australia

    Department of Community Programmes
    Newcastle, New South Wales 2308,   Australia 

    Eno Transportation Foundation

    P.O. Box 2055, Saugatuck Station
    Westport, CT  United States  06880-0055
  • Authors:
    • Owen, W
  • Publication Date: 1982

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00399722
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-037 987
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 31 1985 12:00AM