Providing facilities for the movement of pedestrians in existing central areas is examined in terms of planning the overall framework, designing the various parts, and operating or managing the whole. Both the movement patterns involved (modes of travel) and the development opportunities (activities and physical changes) must be established in the existing context, and their future implications must be assessed in planning the framework. In physical terms, it is important to assess the range of opportunities available for redevelopment in relation to pedestrian movement. It should be possible to define various categories of physical development: the first is fixed development; the second is limited development; the third is foreseeable development. A range of design requirements that can be adjusted according to local circumstances are discussed. Path widths should be related to the particular pedestrian flows that operate. Primary paths are the widest, followed by secondary paths and certain minor paths used for access only. Pedestrian traffic can be expedited by moving pavements and thoughtful design and layout of nodes, depending on the kind of pedestrian activities involved. Changes in level may have to be accommodated by steps, ramps, staircases, escalators, and bridges. Facilities for pedestrians, such as lavatories, public telephones, shopping areas, play space, and baggage checking areas, must be considered. Walkway information should help pedestrians locate their destinations, and signs, maps and route directions should be included. Walkway maintenance necessities are reviewed. Pedestrian areas require emergency acces at the place requiring emergency equipment and the means of getting the service to its destination quickly. Security provisions are important. Servicing facilities are likely to be improved by new patterns and layouts for buildings and access, by the manufacture of appropriate vehicles, and by rationalization of operational methods of retail and distribution. Public utilities will have to be accommodated. Legal implications are discussed, especially the pioneering City of London (Various Powers) Act 1967. Financial implications and merchants' attitudes are reviewed.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Published in Urban Transportation Perspectives and Prospects.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Newcastle University, Australia

    Department of Community Programmes
    Newcastle, New South Wales 2308,   Australia 

    Eno Transportation Foundation

    P.O. Box 2055, Saugatuck Station
    Westport, CT  United States  06880-0055
  • Authors:
  • Publication Date: 1982

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00399712
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-037 987
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 31 1985 12:00AM